A laparoscopy is a surgery that examines the abdomen or the reproductive system of a woman for issues. A tiny tube called a laparoscope is used in laparoscopic surgery. Through a tiny incision, it is put into the abdomen. During surgery, an incision is a tiny cut made through the skin. A camera is mounted to the tube. A video monitor receives images from the camera. This permits a surgeon to see within the body without causing significant pain to the patient.

Moreover, it is minimally invasive surgery compared to traditional surgery.